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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Yes adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Argentina

(Argentine Republic)

Single/Lower house

Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats:257
Total women:94
% women: 37%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Constitution‘Actual equality of opportunity for men and women for elective and political party positions shall be guaranteed by means of positive actions in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system’ (Constitution, Article 37 (2)). ‘Positive actions referred to in the last paragraph of Section 37 shall not comprise less guarantees than those in force at the time this Constitution was approved, and their duration shall be determined by law.’ (Constitution, 2nd Temporary Provision)
Electoral law Party electoral lists are required to have a minimum of 30% women among their candidates for all national elections with real chances of being elected. (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3])
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Party lists that do not comply with the gender quota requirements will not be approved (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3]). If a party list does not comply with the rank order requirements, the competent electoral judge shall notify the concerned party which should change the order of the candidates in the list within 48 hours. In case the party does not abide by these requirements, the competent Court shall place in the appropriate places the women candidates who are next on the party list. (Decree Nº 1246/2000, Article 8)
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law The 30% regulation is aimed at the pool of seats the party is trying to renew. There must always be at least 1 woman for every 2 men. Parties without representation or with only 1 or 2 seats to renew are obliged to have 1 woman of the top 2 candidates; parties renewing more than 2 seats must have at least 1 woman in the first 3 candidates. (Decree 1246/2000, Articles 3, 4 and 5)

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Last updated 2014-04-03

Upper house

Senado / Senate

Total seats: 72
Total women:28
% women: 39%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:Majority (using party lists)
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Constitution ‘Actual equality of opportunity for men and women for elective and political party positions shall be guaranteed by means of positive actions in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system.’ (Constitution, Article 37 [2]) ‘Positive actions referred to in the last paragraph of Section 37 shall not comprise less guarantees than those in force at the time this Constitution was approved, and their duration shall be determined by law.’ (Constitution, 2nd Temporary Provision)
Electoral law Party electoral lists are required to have a minimum of 30% women among their candidates for all national elections. In the case of senatorial elections, the lists shall be composed of two candidates of different sex, for both regular and alternate candidates. (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3]).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Party lists that do not comply with the gender quota requirements will not be approved (Electoral Code, Article 60 [3]). If a party list does not comply with the rank order requirements, the competent electoral judge shall notify the concerned party which should change the order of the candidates in the list within 48 hours. In case the party does not abide by these requirements, the competent Court shall place in the appropriate places the women candidates who are next on the party list. (Decree Nº 1246/2000, Article 8)
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law There must always be at least 1 woman for every 2 men. Parties without representation or with only 1 or 2 seats to renew are obliged to have 1 woman of the top 2 candidates; parties renewing more than 2 seats must have at least 1 woman in the first 3 candidates. (Decree 1246/2000, Articles 3,4 & 5)

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Last updated 2014-01-23

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Constitution ‘Actual equality of opportunity for men and women for elective and political party positions shall be guaranteed by means of positive actions in the regulation of political parties and in the electoral system.’ (Constitution, Article 37 [2]) ‘Positive actions referred to in the last paragraph of Section 37 shall not comprise less guarantees than those in force at the time this Constitution was approved, and their duration shall be determined by law.’ (Constitution, 2nd Temporary Provision)
Electoral law Quota regulation varies throughout the country, but requirements are included in provincial laws and in the constitution of Buenos Aires City.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Various provincial legal acts Quota regulation varies throughout the country, but requirements are included in provincial laws and in the constitution of Buenos Aires City.
Rank order/placement rules: Various provincial legal acts Quota regulation varies throughout the country, but requirements are included in provincial laws and in the constitution of Buenos Aires City.

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Last updated 2013-12-02

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

PartyAcronymOfficial NameDetails, Quota provisions
Justicialist Party PJ Partido Justicialista The national statutes state that at all levels within the party, as well as on electoral lists, the representation of women must be respected. This is specified in the provincial party statutes, percentages varying between 30 and 50 percent.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

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Last updated 2013-04-15

Additional information

After sustained pressure from various women's organizations, in 1991 a new electoral law, ‘Ley de Cupo Femenino’ was introduced requiring party electoral lists to have a minimum of 30 per cent women among their candidates for all national elections. In 1993, Decree 379 set a minimum number of seats that would have to be accorded to women: at least one post when 2-4 were available, at least two posts where 5-8 were available, at least three when 9-11 were available, at least four when 12-14 were available, at least five when 15-18 were available, and at least six when 19-20 were available. Also in 1993, the law was clarified so that for every two males placed on the list, at least one female must also be placed; and when only two names are presented, one must be a woman. In 2000, this was extended to all elections and to all seats that a party was renewing (Marx & Borner 2008: 5).

By 1999, 22 of Argentina’s 24 provinces had adopted quota rules for the state legislature and for most municipal councils.

Last updated 2014-03-20

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