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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Yes adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Korea, Republic of

(Republic of Korea)

Single/Lower house

Kuk Hoe / National Assembly

Total seats:300
Total women:47
% women: 16%
Election year:2012
Electoral system:Parallel
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Article 47 of the Public Official Election Act specifies that for the list proportional representation elections, whereby 56 deputies are elected, political parties must include 50% women on candidate lists. For the majority portion of the election, whereby 243 representatives are elected in single-member districts, political parties shall include at least 30% of women candidates in their district nominations.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Lists which do not comply with the quota provisions will be considered invalid (Article 52 (2)).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law For the list proportional representation election, political parties shall ‘recommend candidates falling under every odd number in order of the candidate roll from among women’ (Article 47 (3)).

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Last updated 2014-04-04

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law When any political party intends to recommend its members as candidates to run for seats in local councils contested through the proportional representation system, a political party shall recommend not less than 50% of the candidates from among women. When any political party intends to recommend its members as candidates to run in the election for local council members of local constituencies after their term of office expires, such political party shall recommend not less than 30% of the total number of the candidates to run in the election for nationwide constituencies from among women (Article 47 (3–5)).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law The lists of candidates that do not comply with the gender quota provisions shall be rejected (Articles 49 (8) and 52 (2)).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law For the list proportional representation election for local councils, political parties shall ‘recommend candidates falling under every odd number in order of the candidate roll from among women’ (Article 47 (3)).

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Last updated 2014-03-24

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

PartyAcronymOfficial NameDetails, Quota provisions
Grand National Party GNP Hannara Dang GNP supports quotas of 30 percent for women candidates. (see Kim 2000)

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

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Last updated 2009-11-30

Additional information

The reform of the Political Party Law in 2000 resulted in an increase in the percentage of women elected in the April 2004 elections, rising to 13 per cent, up from 5.9 per cent in the previous elections. Parties that nominate female candidates for the national elections also receive subsidies (Article 26).
Last updated 2014-03-24

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

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