| More
See also special areas

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Mauritania

(Islamic Republic of Mauritania)

Single/Lower house

Al Jamiya-Al-Wataniya / National Assembly

Total seats:147
Total women:37
% women: 25%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:TRS
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law In constituencies with or less than 31,000 inhabitants, one deputy is elected by absolute majority (two-round system). In constituencies with more than 31,000 inhabitants, two deputies are elected by absolute majority (two-round system). In multi-member constituencies with more than 90,000 inhabitants, deputies shall be elected through proportional representation. Reserved Seats: 18 deputies are elected from the constituency of Nouakchott, twenty deputies are elected from a single nationwide constituency and twenty seats are reserved for women candidates running in a single nationwide list. (Article 3 of the Organic Law on the Election of Members of the National Assembly, as amended by Law n° 2012- 029).
Political funding legislation Political parties that elect more women than required by the quota will obtain a financial benefit (Article 6).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law The electoral administration may reject candidate lists that do not comply with the quota regulations (Article 16 (1)).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law ‘In constituencies with three seats, candidate lists must include at least one woman candidate in the first or second position on the list. In constituencies with more than three seats, with the exception of the national women's list, each candidate list must be composed of candidates of both sexes in alternating order, taking into account the following two principles: - Within each entire group of four candidates, in the order of presentation of the list, there must be an equal number of candidates of each sex; - The difference between the number of candidates of each sex can not be greater than one.’ (Article 4 (A)of the Organic Law Promoting Women's Access to Electoral Mandates and Elective Offices, as amended by Law 2012-034).

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2014-04-04

Upper house

Total seats: 56
Total women:8
% women: 14%
Election year:2009
Electoral system:Indirectly elected
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law The Senate is indirectly elected by municipal councillors and is composed of 54 senators representing local communities (‘moughataas’) and three senators representing Mauritanians living abroad. ‘Political parties are required to nominate at least one woman in one out of four constituencies.’ (Article 9 (2) of the Organic Law on the election of Senators, as amended by Law 2012- 030)
Political funding legislation Political parties that elect more women than required by the quota will get a financial benefit (Article 6, Organic Law Promoting Women's Access to Electoral Mandates and Elective offices, as amended by law 2012-034).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law The electoral administration may reject candidate lists that do not comply with the quota regulations (Organic Law on the election of Senators, as amended by Law 2012- 030).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Women must be nominated in at least one out of four constituencies.

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2014-03-25

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Reserved seats
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Reserved seats
Electoral law Women shall be allocated at least 20% of the seats on municipal councils. In order to facilitate the election of women in the indicated proportion, party lists must include at least 2 women candidates for councils comprising between 9 and 11 members, 3 women candidates for councils comprising between 15 and 17 members, and 4 women candidates for councils comprising 19 members or more (Articles 2 and 3 of the Organic Law).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Organic Law promoting women's access to electoral mandates and elective offices The electoral administration shall reject candidate lists that do not comply with the quota regulations (Article 3 (1) of the Organic Law promoting women's access to electoral mandates and elective offices, as amended by Law 2012- 034).
Rank order/placement rules: EMB Act In election for municipal councils with 9-11 councillors, women candidates must be placed as No. 1 and 4, or 2 and 4 of the list of each party. When the council has 15-17 councillors, women candidates must be placed as No. 1 or 2, and subsequently as No. 5 and 7. In case of 19 or more councillors, women must be placed as No. 1 or 2, and subsequently as No. 5, 7 and 9. (Communication of the CENI on the composition of the lists of candidates for the 2013 elections)

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2014-03-25

Additional information

The 2012 amendments to the Organic Law promoting women's access to electoral mandates and elective offices will be implemented for the first time in the November 2013 Parliamentary and municipal elections.

Last updated 2014-03-25

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

Additional reading

Mauritania | Africa | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Mauritania? Tell us!