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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Yes adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Nicaragua

(Republic of Nicaragua)

Single/Lower house

Asamblea Nacional / National Assembly

Total seats:92
Total women:37
% women: 40%
Election year:2011
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Under Article 82 (4) of the 2000 Electoral Law (No. 331, as amended by Law No.790/2012), political parties or the coalition of political parties which participate in the National Assembly elections must include in their electoral lists 50% men and 50% women candidates.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: No None
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Lists of candidates shall be arranged on the basis of alternation between male and female candidates under a so-called zipper system (Article 82 (4)).

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Last updated 2014-04-04

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Political parties or the coalition of political parties which participate in the elections of municipal councils must include in their electoral lists 50% men and 50% women candidates (Article 82 (4)).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: No None
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law List of candidates shall be arranged on the basis of alternation between male and female candidates under a so-called zipper system (Article 82 (4)).

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Last updated 2014-03-26

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

PartyAcronymOfficial NameDetails, Quota provisions
Sandinista Front for National Liberation FSLN Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional FSLN has a 30 percent quota for women (Party statutes, Article 106; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Liberal and constitutionalist party PLC Partido Liberal Constitutcionalista PLC has a combined 40 percent quota for women and youth on electoral lists (Party statutes, Article 76; Samqui 2008, p. 8).
Sandinista Renovation Movement MRS Alianza del Movimiento Renovador Sandinista Candidate lists must consist of at least 40 percent women and men, respectively (Party statutes, Article 7; Samqui 2008, p. 8).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

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Last updated 2011-10-18

Additional information

Previously, the 2008 electoral law ensured gender equality in the exercise of civil and political rights at all levels, including the promotion of the measures necessary to increase women’s participation in the electoral processes at all levels.

Under the new law, political parties and civil society organizations shall seek the equal participation of women and men in decision-making positions and procedures, by ensuring that their statutes guarantee effective democratic participation in the election procedures of their authorities and candidates. This does not invalidate the academic, intellectual and ethical requirements, or the capacities and experience required to be candidates or applicants for these positions (Articles 8–12).

Last updated 2014-01-23

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:
OTHER SOURCES:
  • Samqui, E. M., ‘Participación política de la mujeres: ¿caminamos o vamos dando traspiés?’ [Political participation of women: we walked or stumbled?], in B. Llanos and K. Sample (eds), Del dicho al hecho: manual de buenas practicas para la participación de mujeres en los partidos políticos latinoamericanos [From words to action: best practices for women’s participation in latin american political parties]] (Stockholm: International IDEA, 2008), accessed 03 April 2014


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