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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Peru

(Republic of Peru)

Single/Lower house

Congreso de la República / Congress of the Republic

Total seats:130
Total women:28
% women: 22%
Election year:2011
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law The candidate lists for the seats in the Congress must include at least 30% of men or women candidates. If after the application of the 30% quota the result is a number containing a fraction, it is raised to the next higher integer; e.g. in a candidate list with 5 names at least 2 must be women (Electoral law, Article 116 and Law No. 28094 regulating Political Parties, Article 26).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If the candidate lists do not abide by the gender quota requirements, they shall not be admitted by the electoral authority (Electoral law, Article 119).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law None

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Last updated 2014-04-07

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law The candidate lists for the seats in municipal and regional councils must include at least 30% women candidates. If after the application of the 30% quota the result is a number containing a fraction, it is raised to the next higher integer. For example, in a candidate list with 5 names at least 2 must be women’s names (Law No. 26864 regulating Municipal Elections, Article 10 (3), Law No. 27683 regulating Regional Elections, Article 12 (1) and Law No. 28094 regulating Political Parties, Article 26).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If a candidate list does not comply with the gender quota the political party will have 2 business days to correct the list and submit it again to the commission. If after that period the candidate list still fails to meet the gender quota, the list will not be accepted (Municipal Electoral law, Article 10 (2)).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law None

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Last updated 2014-01-23

Additional information

Gender quotas have been incorporated in Peru’s national electoral legislation since 1997. The 2000 national election was conducted with one nation-wide constituency, and the 25 per cent quota provision was almost met (21.7 per cent of candidates elected were women, up from 10.8 per cent in the 1995 election). However, in the 2001 national election, in which the country was divided into electoral districts, the number of women elected dropped to 18.3 per cent. In the 2006 election women's representation increased, and the new quota provision of 30 per cent was almost met. In addition, according to the Law 28094, the political parties must apply a 30 per cent gender quota to their internal structures (Article 26).
Last updated 2013-12-05

Sources

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