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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • No for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Poland

(Republic of Poland)

Single/Lower house

Sejm / Parliament

Total seats:460
Total women:110
% women: 24%
Election year:2011
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Amendments to the Election Code adopted in January 2011 introduced legislated candidate quotas on electoral lists to the Sejm. ‘The number of candidates who are women cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list. The number of candidates who are men cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list’ (Article 211 (3))
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If a list falls short of meeting the quota requirement, ‘the commission shall request the person notifying the list to remove [the defect] within 3 days. In the case of defects not removed within the specified time, the commission decides to refuse to register the list in its entirety’ (Article 215 (5) ).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law At least one woman must be included among each list’s first 3 candidates.

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Last updated 2014-04-07

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law ‘The number of candidates who are women cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list. The number of candidates who are men cannot be less than 35% of all candidates on the list’ (Article 425 [3]). ‘For lists that include 3 candidates, there must be at least one candidate of each gender’ (Article 457 [2]).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If a list falls short of meeting this requirement, ‘the commission shall request the person notifying the list to remove it within 3 days. In the case of defects not removed within the specified time, the commission decides to refuse to register the list in its entirety’ (Article 431).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law For lists that include 3 candidates, there must be at least one candidate of each gender (Article 1 (3) of the Amendment Act 134, January 2011).

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Last updated 2014-01-31

Additional information

The new regulations were adopted in 2011 to apply to any elections, including parliamentary elections (except the Senate), European Parliament elections and municipal elections, called after a six-month period from the date of entry into force of the new law.

Last updated 2014-01-22

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

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