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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • No for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Bosnia and Herzegovina

(Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Single/Lower house

Predstavnicki dom / House of Representatives

Total seats:42
Total women:7
% women: 17%
Election year:2010
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Each list of candidates shall include both male and female candidates, who are equally represented. Equal gender representation exists when one of the sexes is represented by at least 40% of the total number of candidates in the list. The candidates of the underrepresented gender shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: At least 1 candidate of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 2 candidates, 2 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 5 candidates, and 3 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 8 candidates etc. (Article 4.19 (4) Election Law of Bosnia and Herzegovina with amendments published in the Official Gazette No. 18/13).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law The Central Election Commission (CEC) checks whether the submitted list of candidates meets the requirements (established in Article 4.19 (4)) and certifies the list up to the point whereby the applicable requirements are met (Article 4.19 (8)). After receiving a notification from the CEC of any rejected individual candidates, the political party, coalition or list of independent candidates have 5 days to replace the candidates and resubmit them to the CEC for certification. (Article 4.21 (2))
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law The candidates of the underrepresented gender shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: At least 1 candidate of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 2 candidates, 2 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 5 candidates, and 3 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 8 candidates etc. (Article 4.19 (4)).

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Last updated 2014-04-01

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law ‘Each list of candidates shall include both male and female candidates, who are equally represented. Equal gender representation exists when one of the sexes is represented by at least 40% of the total number of candidates in the list. The candidates of the underrepresented gender shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: At least 1 candidate of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 2 candidates, 2 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 5 candidates, and 3 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 8 candidates etc.’(Article 4.19 (4)).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law The Central Election Commission (CEC) checks whether the submitted list of candidates meets the requirements (established in Article 4.19 (4)) and certifies the list up to the point whereby the applicable requirements are met (Article 4.19 (8)). After receiving a notification from the CEC of any rejected individual candidates, the political party, coalition or list of independent candidates have 5 days to replace the candidates and resubmit them to the CEC for certification (Article 4.21 (2)).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law ‘The candidates of the underrepresented gender shall be distributed on the candidates list in the following manner: At least 1 candidate of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 2 candidates, 2 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 5 candidates, and 3 candidates of the underrepresented gender amongst the first 8 candidates etc.’ (Article 4.19 (4)).

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Last updated 2014-03-20

Additional information

In 1998, the Provisional Election Commission adopted a minimum 30 per cent quota for women on every party list. In the 1998 elections this resulted in a dramatic increase in women’s representation at all legislative levels. In 2000, this rule was codified into the Election Law of Bosnia and Herzegovina and applied to all party lists in the 2000 national and municipal elections. However, the electoral law was reformed at the same time to provide an open-list proportional electoral system, which subsequently reduced the impact of legislated candidate quotas (International IDEA 2004: 39). In the 2010 elections, the quota law was respected by parties. However, while women constituted 37.7 per cent of the candidates, only 21 per cent of the elected members of the House of Representatives were women (OSCE/ ODIHR Election Observation Mission 2010: 17–18).

Last updated 2014-01-22

Sources

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