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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Portugal

(Portuguese Republic)

Single/Lower house

Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic

Total seats:230
Total women:61
% women: 27%
Election year:2011
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Candidate lists for the elections to the National Assembly shall be composed in a way such as to promote a minimum representation of 33% of each sex (Equality Law No. 3/2006 of 21 August 2006, Articles 1 and 2 (1)).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If a list does not comply with the quota requirement, the error is to be made public and there will be financial sanctions in the form of reduction of the public funding provided for the conduct of the electoral campaign, in relation to the level of inequality on lists (Article 7).The financial sanction does not apply to lists with less than 3 names (Article 7 (2)).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law In multi-member constituencies, the lists can not have more than 2 consecutive names of the same sex (Article 2 (2)).

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Last updated 2014-04-07

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Candidate lists for the elections to local governments shall be composed in a way such as to promote a minimum representation of 33% of each sex (Articles 1 and 2 (1)). Exempted from the regulations are towns with less than 750 votes, and municipalities with less than 7500 voters ( Article 2 [4]).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If a list does not comply with the quota requirement, the error is to be made public and there will be financial sanctions in the form of reduction of the public funding provided for the conduct of the electoral campaign, in relation to the level of inequality on lists (Article 7).The financial sanction does not apply to lists with less than 3 names (Article 7 [2]).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law In multi-member constituencies, the lists can not have more than 2 consecutive names of the same sex. In single-member constituencies, the regulation to promote parity is included in each electoral law (Article 2 (2–3)).

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Last updated 2014-01-22

Additional information

In 1999 the parliament rejected two proposals by the Socialist Party introducing a fixed number of candidates of each sex on party nominations. In 2006, Article 29 of the Law Governing Political Parties was amended to ensure gender equality in parties as well.

Last updated 2014-01-22

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:
  • Lei Orgânica no 3/2006, Lei da paridade Estabelece que as listas para a Assembleia da República, para o Parlamento Europeu e para as autarquias locais são compostas de modo a assegurar a representação mínima de 33% de cada um dos sexos [Organic Law no. 3/2006 on parity, providing for a requirement of a minimum 33% representation of each sex in candidate lists for elections to the Assembly of the Republic, the European Parliament and local authorities are required to ensure a minimum 33% representation of each sex],accessed 04 April 2014;

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