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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Yes adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Paraguay

(Republic of Paraguay)

Single/Lower house

Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats:80
Total women:14
% women: 18%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law According to Article 32 [r] [1] of the Electoral Code, 1 in every 5 candidates in primary elections for parties and movements should be a woman.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Party lists that do not meet the quota will not be approved by the Electoral Commission (Article 32 [r] [3]).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law No ranking orders provided. The political party or movement is free to set the order of precedence in the list (Article 32 [r] [2]).

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Last updated 2014-04-07

Upper house

Cámara de Senadores / Senate

Total seats: 45
Total women:9
% women: 20%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law According to Article 32 [r] [1] of the Electoral Code, 1 in every 5 candidates in primary elections for parties and movements should be a woman.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Party lists that do not meet the quota will not be approved by the Electoral Commission (Article 32 [r] [3]).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law None. The political party or movement is free to set the order of precedence in the list (Article 32 [r] [2]).

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Last updated 2013-12-05

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Parties are required to have internal party mechanisms to ensure that 1 in every 5 candidates in the parties and movement primaries list should be a woman (Article 32 [r] [1]).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Party lists that do not meet the quota will not be approved for the election by the Electoral Commission (Article 32 [r] [3]).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law None. The political party or movement is free to set the order of precedence in the list (Article 32 [r] [2]).

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Last updated 2013-12-05

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

PartyAcronymOfficial NameDetails, Quota provisions
National Republic Association ANR Asociación Nacional Republicana/Partido Colorado ANR has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statues 2001, Article 72; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
Authentic Radical Liberal Party PLRA Partido Liberal Radical Auténtico One third of candidates on electoral lists must be women (Party statutes 2006, Article 9; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).
National Union of Ethical Citizens UNACE Partido Unión Nacional de Ciudadanos Éticos UNACE has a 30 percent quota for women on electoral lists (Party statutes 2002, Article 76; Pereira & González 2008, p. 4-5).

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

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Last updated 2010-09-13

Additional information


As part of the Electoral Code reform of 1996, the law providing for a 20 per cent quota for women on candidate lists for primaries of parties and movements was adopted. As the ranking order of the candidates is not regulated by law, and as the 20 per cent quota requirement only applies to candidate lists in parties’ internal elections and not the parties’ lists in the national or sub-national elections, the quota regulation has had a weak impact on the composition of the final lists.
Last updated 2014-01-31

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