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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • No for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Yes adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Slovenia

(Republic of Slovenia)

Single/Lower house

Drzavni Zbor / National Assembly

Total seats:90
Total women:29
% women: 32%
Election year:2011
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law ‘In a list of candidates, no gender shall be represented by less than 35% of the actual total number of female and male candidates on the list. The provision of the preceding paragraph shall not apply to a list of candidates containing three male or three female candidates, since a list of candidates containing three candidates must contain at least one representative of the opposite sex.’(National Assembly Elections Act 2006, Articles 43:6 and 43:7).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If the lists do not comply with this law, the electoral commission shall reject the list (Article 56).
Rank order/placement rules: No None

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Last updated 2014-04-07

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law The electoral law adopted in 2005 introduced a quota system for local elections, with the quota set at 20% for the first elections (held in 2006) and then gradually increased to 30%for the 2010 election and 40% for the 2014 elections (Local Elections Act 2005, Article 70).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If the lists do not comply with this law, the electoral commission shall reject the list (Article 74).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law From the 2014 elections, the candidates in the first half of the lists must alternate by sex. During the transitional period up until 2014, it is regarded as sufficient that at least each third candidate is of the other sex (Article 70).

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Last updated 2014-01-22

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

PartyAcronymOfficial NameDetails, Quota provisions
Social Democrats SD Socialni Demokrati In 1992 the United List of Social Democrats introduced a firm 33 percent quota for both genders. In the 1996 election 42 percent of the party's candidates were women, but not even one of these got elected. The quota was changed from firm to soft in 1997, and the party has currently a 40 percent target. (In 2005 the party shortened it's name to Socialni Demokrati).
Liberal Democracy Party LDS Liberalna Demokracija Slovenije In 1998 the quota was changed to a gender neutral 25 percent, but is supposed to increase by 3 percentage points in every upcoming election until it reaches 40 percent.

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

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Last updated 2009-11-30

Additional information

The National Assembly comprises 90 deputies, of which 88 are elected from eight constituencies by proportional representation from open party lists. Each constituency is divided into 11 electoral districts and one deputy is elected per district. Voters may vote for only one candidate, rather than voting for the party’s entire candidate list. The remaining two deputies are elected by simple majority preferential vote from the Italian and the Hungarian national communities respectively. Parties must obtain at least 4 per cent of the valid votes cast in order to win a seat.

The National Assembly Elections Act adopted in 2006 contained transitional provisions applicable to the 2008 National Assembly elections, whereby party lists had to include at least 25 per cent female candidates. The number of women members in Slovenia’s parliament in 2008 increased only by one (therefore increasing the female membership in percentage from 12 per cent to 14 per cent compared to the previous election in 2004). In 2004, Slovenia’s parliament voted for a change to the Constitution allowing affirmative action in politics. In 2003, a 40 per cent quota for European Parliament elections was adopted by the parliament (including rank-order rules: at least one candidate of each sex figures in the first half of any list, and sanctions are applied for non-compliance).

Last updated 2014-03-31

Sources

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