At a glance
Structure of Parliament: Unicameral
Are there legislated quotas...
for the Single/Lower House?
at the Sub-national level?
Are there voluntary quotas...
adopted by political parties?
Is there additional information?
(Democratic Republic of East Timor)
Legislated Candidate Quotas
||On electoral lists, one out of every group of three candidates must be a woman (Law on Election, Article 12 , 2011).|
|Legal sanctions for non-compliance:
||The list will be rejected (Law on Election, Article 12 , 2011).
|Rank order/placement rules:
||On electoral lists, one out of every group of three candidates must be a woman (Law on Election, Article 12 , 2011).
Sources | Additional information | Contact us
Last updated 2013-02-05
A debate on the introduction of quotas for women took place in Timor-Leste during the UN administration of the country through UNTAET between October 1999 and April 2001 (Ballington & Dahlerup 2006, p. 251-252). During this period, REDE (a network of 16 women's organizations) proposed that a mandatory quota be contained in the electoral regulation, relying for example on the Beijing Platform of Action and the UN CEDAW Convention. At least 30% of women candidates were to be proposed in the political party lists and placed in winnable positions, with every third candidate listed from the top being women.
The National Council, however, rejected quotas in 2001. The UN was split in opinions: while UNIFEM, The High Commissioner for Human Rights and The UN Division for the Advancement of Women were in favour, the Electoral Assistance Division under the Under Secretary General for Political Affairs and the UN Department of Political Affairs were against it.
UN staff members in Timor-Leste lobbied National Council members before its session. A majority of women in the National Council, having acquired theirs seats through affirmative action and having been participants of the Women's Congress, voted against the inclusion of quotas.
In the article 12/3 of the electoral law 2006
it is stated that on electoral lists, one out of every group of four candidates must be a woman.
Last updated 2013-02-05
- Ballington, Julie & Dahlerup, Drude (2006), "Gender quotas in post-conflict states: East Timor, Afghanistan and Iraq", in Women, Quotas and Politics, Drude Dahlerup (ed.), New York: Routledge
- Constitution of the Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, 2002
- Law No.6/2006 on the Elections of the National Parliament
http://www.jornal.gov.tl/?mod=artigo&id=3504 (Lei do Parlamento)
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