| More
See also special areas

At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • Yes adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Uruguay

(Eastern Republic of Uruguay)

Single/Lower house

Cámara de Representantes / House of Representatives

Total seats:99
Total women:14
% women: 14%
Election year:2009
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Article 2 (2-3) of Law no. 18.476 stipulates, for the elections to be held in 2014, that candidates of both sexes must be represented in every 3 places on electoral lists, either throughout the entire list or in the first 15 places. Where only 2 seats are contested, 1 of the 2 candidates must be a woman.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Lists that fail to comply with the gender quota requirements shall be rejected by the Electoral Court (Article 3).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Women must be represented in every third place on candidate lists, either throughout the entire list or in the first fifteen places (Law nº 18.476, Article 2 [2]).

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2014-04-07

Upper house

Cámara de Senadores / Senate

Total seats: 31
Total women:4
% women: 13%
Election year:2009
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Article 2 (2-3) of the electoral law stipulates, for the elections to be held in 2014, that candidates of both sexes must be represented in every 3 places on electoral lists, either throughout the entire list or in the first 15 places. Where only 2 seats are contested, 1 of the 2 candidates must be a woman.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Lists that fail to comply shall be rejected by the Electoral Court (Law nº 18.476, Article 3).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Women must be represented in every third place on candidate lists, either throughout the entire list or in the first fifteen places (Law nº 18.476, Article 2 [2]).

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2013-12-05

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law For elections to departmental legislative bodies, candidates of both sexes must be represented in every 3 places on electoral lists, either throughout the entire list or in the first 15 places. Where only 2 seats are contested, 1 of the 2 candidates must be a woman. However, Article 2 (2-3) limits the application of the quota to the 2015 departmental elections.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law Lists that fail to comply with the gender quota requirements shall be rejected by the Electoral Court (Article 3).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Women must be represented in every third place on candidate lists, either throughout the entire list or in the first fifteen places (Law nº 18.476, Article 2 [2]).

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2013-12-05

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

PartyAcronymOfficial NameDetails, Quota provisions
Socialist Party of Uruguay PS Partido Socialista del Uruguay In the 1980's PS adopted a quota for women. The quota is dependent upon the percentage of women members of the Party in each jurisdiction. (Statutes 2003, Art. 65)

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2009-11-30

Additional information

The current quota law also establishes quotas for internal party elections: among the candidates to parties’ conventions and executive bodies, one out of every three candidates must be a woman. The quota is applicable as of the internal elections in June 2009 and is not subject to temporal limits.
Last updated 2013-12-05

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:
OTHER SOURCES:


Additional reading

Uruguay | Americas | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Uruguay? Tell us!