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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Brazil

(Federative Republic of Brazil)

Single/Lower house

Cámara dos Deputados / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats:513
Total women:44
% women: 9%
Election year:2010
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Elections to the Chamber of Deputies are held using a list proportional representation system. Each list shall contain a minimum 30% and a maximum 70% of candidates of each sex (Article 10 (3) of Law 9.504 of 30 September 1997 regulating elections).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If the gender quota requirement is not met, candidates of the over-represented sex can be removed (but not replaced by candidates of the under-represented sex). However, this only applies if the party submits candidates of the stipulated maximum per constituency. This maximum was raised from 100% to 150% of total seats per constituency with the introduction of the quota law. Subsequently, this provision has minimized the effect of the quota provisions.
Rank order/placement rules: No None

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Last updated 2014-04-01

Upper house

Senado Federal / Federal Senate

Total seats: 81
Total women:13
% women: 16%
Election year:2010
Electoral system:Block Vote (BV)
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Each list shall contain a minimum 30% and a maximum 70% of candidates of each sex (Article 10 (3)).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If the minimum per centage is not met, candidates of the over-represented sex can be removed (but not replaced by candidates of the under-represented sex). However, this only applies if the party submits candidates of the stipulated maximum per constituency. This maximum was raised from 100% to 150% of total seats per constituency with the introduction of the quota law. This provision has in practice minimized the effect of the quota provisions.
Rank order/placement rules: No None

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Last updated 2014-04-01

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law Each list shall contain a minimum 30% and a maximum 70% of candidates of each sex (Article 10 (3)).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law If the minimum per centage is not met, candidates of the over-represented sex can be removed (but not replaced by candidates of the under-represented sex). However, this only applies if the party submits candidates of the stipulated maximum per constituency. This maximum was raised from 100% to 150% per cent of total seats per constituency with the introduction of the quota law. This provision has in practice minimized the effect of the quota provisions.
Rank order/placement rules: No None

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2014-04-01

Additional information

In 1995, Brazil adopted a 20 per cent minimum quota for female candidates in local elections and, in 1997, a new electoral law established that each party or coalition must include a minimum of 30 per cent and a maximum of 70 per cent of each gender for elections at any level, held through a proportional representation system. In addition, a 2009 amendment to the electoral law requires that political parties use at least 10 per cent of their free broadcast time and 5 per cent of their public campaign funds to promote the participation of women in politics.
Last updated 2013-12-04

Sources

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OTHER SOURCES:

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