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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • No at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

China

(People's Republic of China)

Single/Lower house

Total seats:2,987
Total women:699
% women: 23%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:No direct elections
Quota type: Reserved seats
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Reserved seats
Electoral law According to a decision of the 10th National People’s Congress (NPC) in 2007, ‘among deputies to the 11th National People’s Congress, women shall take up a proportion not less than 22 per cent’ (Article 8). Subsequently, the percentage of female members of the 12th NPC has increased to 23.4%.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: N/A Not applicable
Rank order/placement rules: N/A Not applicable

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Last updated 2014-04-01

Additional information

The National People’s Congress (NPC) is elected through a multi-tier system of representation. Deputies (delegates) to the NPC are elected by provincial people’s assemblies, who themselves are elected by lower-level assemblies, all the way down to the lowest level people’s assemblies, which are directly elected by constituents.

Electoral colleges are comprised within 23 provinces, 5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities directly under the control of the central government and the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau. Article 6 of the Electoral Law of the NPC and the Local People's Congresses stipulates that ‘among deputies to the National People's Congress and local people's congresses at various levels, there shall be an appropriate number of women deputies, and the proportion thereof shall be raised gradually’.

In addition, Article 11 of the Law on the Protection of Rights and Interests of Women states that ‘Among deputies to the National People’s Congress and local people’s congresses at various levels, there shall be an appropriate number of women deputies. The State takes measures to gradually increase the proportion of the women deputies among deputies to the National People’s Congress and local people’s congresses at various levels.’

Last updated 2014-01-20

Sources

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