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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • No for the Upper House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Dominican Republic

(Dominican Republic)

Single/Lower house

Cámara de Diputados / Chamber of Deputies

Total seats:183
Total women:38
% women: 21%
Election year:2010
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
ConstitutionUnder Article 39 (para. 5) of the Constitution, the state must promote and guarantee the equal participation of women and men in all nominations for public elections.
Electoral law According to Article 68 (3) of the Electoral Law (Law No. 275-97, as amended by Law 12-2000), political parties in their candidate lists for elections for the Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) must include at least 33% women candidates.
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law According to the Electoral Law, the lists of the political parties that do not include at least 33% of female candidates will be canceled and not accepted by the Electoral Commission.
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Women candidates should be placed on the list in alternate positions with men candidates (Article 68 (3)).

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Last updated 2014-04-02

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Constitution The state must promote and guarantee the equal participation of women and men in all nominations for public elections (Article 39, para. 5).
Electoral law In the nomination of candidates for elective offices at the municipal level, political parties and movements are obliged to maintain and encourage the participation of women. Therefore, when the principal candidate for mayor is a man, the alternate candidate must be a woman and vice versa. In addition, the principal and alternate candidate lists for elections to the municipal councils must include at least 33% of women candidates. In municipalities where only 5 council members are elected, all party lists should include a minimum of 2 women candidates (Article 34 of Law No. 176-07 on municipalities).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law According to the Electoral Law, the lists of the political parties that do not include at least 33% of female candidates will be cancelled and not accepted by the Electoral Commission.
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law Women candidates should be placed on the list in alternate positions with men candidates (Article 68).

Sources | Additional information | Contact us

Last updated 2014-04-02

Additional information

In 1997, Electoral Law No. 275 imposed a 25 per cent quota for women among candidates for elective positions. After the elections in 1998, leaders of political parties negotiated with the Central Electoral Commission that this provision would be interpreted as the obligation to guarantee that women's representation at the national level would not be less than 25 per cent (or 45 of the 179 total number of seats for both houses of parliament). This decision, in effect, removed the burden for each individual party to guarantee 25 per cent women among their parliamentary delegations. In 2000, amendments to the electoral law increased the quota provision to 33 per cent,. In 2002 the legislated candidate quota requirement for the Senate was revoked.
Last updated 2014-03-21

Sources

LEGAL SOURCES:

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