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At a glance

Structure of Parliament: Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas...

  • Yes for the Single/Lower House?
  • Yes at the Sub-national level?

Are there voluntary quotas...

  • No adopted by political parties?

Is there additional information?

Yes

Albania

(Republic of Albania)

Single/Lower house

Kuvendi / Assembly

Total seats:140
Total women:25
% women: 18%
Election year:2013
Electoral system:List PR
Quota type: Legislated Candidate Quotas
Election details: IDEA Voter Turnout
IPU Parline
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law “For each electoral zone, at least 30% of the multi-member list and/or one of the first three names on the multi-member list must be from each gender’ (Article 67, para. 6 of the 2012 Electoral Code).
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law In case of non-compliance with the gender quota provisions, the Central Election Commission (CEC) shall impose a fine of ALL 1,000,000 (approximately €7120). In addition, the CEC shall replace each candidate with the next candidate in the list belonging to the least represented gender, until the gender quota is reached (Article 175, Electoral Code).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law ‘For each electoral zone, at least 30% of the multi-member list and/or one of the first three names on the multi-member list must be from each gender’ (Article 67, para. 6 of the 2012 Electoral Code).

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Last updated 2014-03-31

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Quota type:Legislated Candidate Quotas
Legal sourceDetails
Quota type:
Legislated Candidate Quotas
Electoral law ‘For elections of local government organs, one in every three names on the list must belong to each gender’. (Article 175, Electoral Code 2012)
Legal sanctions for non-compliance: Electoral law In case of non-compliance with the gender quota provisions, the CEC shall impose a fine of ALL 50,000 (approximately €357). In addition, the CEC shall replace each candidate with the next candidates in the list belonging to the least represented gender, until the gender quota is reached (Article 175 of the Electoral Code Approved by Law No. 10 019, dated 29 December 2008, and amended by Law No. 74/2012, dated 19 July 2012).
Rank order/placement rules: Electoral law ‘For elections of local government organs, one in every three names on the list must belong to each gender’(Article 175, Electoral Code 2012).

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Last updated 2014-01-27

Additional information

In November 2008, Albania's electoral system was reformed, introducing list proportional representation system in place of the previously used mixed member proportional representation system. Under the new system, all 140 members of parliament are elected through a proportional representation system in 12 constituencies corresponding to the 12 administrative regions. The threshold to win parliamentary representation is 3 per cent for political parties and 5 per cent for the pre-election coalitions.

Last updated 2014-01-27

Sources

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